A PANDEMIC


An epidemic is that the rapid spread of disease to an outsized number of individuals during a given population within a brief period of your time.




Four Worst Pandemics From 1720-2020:


The Great Plague disease of Marseille (1720-1723): 


        The disease first spread to Marseille, France in 1720, killing 1,00,000 people. On average, about 30 percent of Marseille's population is expected to die from the disease.


The first cholera epidemic (1817-1824): 


        Known as the first Asiatic cholera epidemic or Asiatic cholera. It is known to be located in the heart of the city of Calcutta and spread to Southeast Asia to the Middle East, east of Africa so the Mediterranean coast continued at that time. Hundreds of people died from the plague. The epidemic affected almost every Asian country.



Spanish Flu (1918-1920): 


        You are one of the deadliest flu pandemics in human history. While 500 million people were affected by the Spanish flu, many indigenous communities progressed to the brink of extinction. On average, the deceased is set at anywhere from 17 million to 50 million.


Coronavirus Pandemic (2019-20): 


        COVID-19 is a progressive global epidemic caused by the newly discovered coronavirus. The virus was unknown until violence broke out in Wuhan, China in December 2019. To date, the death toll has risen to 50,000. The virus can spread from person to person through tiny droplets from the nose or mouth, as the droplets fall on objects and areas around a person. When healthy people touch objects or objects and touch their eyes, nose or mouth can catch the virus.

All the Scientist Are Trying their Best For The Improvement In Situation. Some Of the Human Trials Are Also Successfully Tested.




Some Basic Information:

EPIDEMIC- 
May be a disease that affects an outsized number of individuals within a community, population, or region.

A PANDEMIC- 
Is a Virus that’s cover multiple countries or continents.

Example
When COVID-19 (Corona Virus) was limited to Wuhan, China, it was an epidemic. The geographical spread turned it into a pandemic.

ENDEMIC-
Are some things that belongs to a specific people or country.

AN OUTBREAK- 
May be a greater-than-anticipated increase within the number of endemic cases. It can also be a single case in a new area. If it’s not quickly controlled, a plague can become an epidemic.

Example- 
Dengue fever is endemic to certain regions of Africa, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. Mosquitoes in these areas carry dengue and transmit it from person to person. But in 2019 there was an epidemic of dengue in Hawaii, where the disease isn't endemic. It’s believed an infected person visited the Big Island and was bitten by mosquitoes there. The insects then transferred the disease to other individuals they bit, which created an epidemic




The following is a list of specific epidemics that were dangerous at a point of time:

1.American Plagues: 16th Century

        American Plagues is a collection of European diseases brought to America by European explorers. These diseases, including smallpox, have contributed to the decline of Inca and Aztec culture. Some estimate that 90 percent of the people present were killed.

These plagues helped the Spanish army led by Cortes to conquer the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan in 1519 and the Spanish army under Pizarro to defeat the Incas in 1532. The Spaniards took over both territories. In both cases, the Aztec and Incan armies were plagued by disease and could not cope with the Spanish army. While the citizens of England, France, Portugal and therefore the Netherlands began to explore, conquer and rectify the resources, they were helped by the fact that the disease greatly reduced the size of any group of indigenous peoples who opposed them.

2. The Great Disease of London: 1665-1666 :

       The last major outbreak of the Black Death in Great Britain led to mass exodus from London, led by King Charles II. The disease began in April 1665 and spread rapidly in the late summer months. Pears from infected mice are one of the most common causes of transmission. By the end of the epidemic, about 100,000 people, including 15% of London's population, had died. But this was not part of the city's misery. On September 2, 1666, a beautiful London Fire broke out, lasted for four days and burned the outskirts of the city.


3. Russian plague: 1770-1772 :

        In a storm-ravaged Moscow, fear of isolated civilians intensified in the fighting. Pitfalls spread throughout the city and came to an end with the assassination of Archbishop Ambrosius, who urged mobs not to gather for worship.
The Queen of Russia, Catherine II (also known as Catherine the Great), wanted to contain the disease and sent back the public to immediately issue an announcement that all factories should be removed from Moscow. By the end of the epidemic, some 100,000 people may have died. Even after the tragedy subsided, Catherine struggled to restore order. In 1773, Yemelyan Pugachev, a man who called himself Peter III (Catherine's murdered husband), led a revolt that resulted in the death of thousands of people.

4. Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic: 1793 :

     When yellow Jack captured Philadelphia, the capital of the United States at the time, the authorities mistakenly believed that slaves could not be protected. As a result, protesters are mobilizing traditional Africans to be employed to help the sick.
The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes, which have gathered large numbers of people during the hot, humid summer of Philadelphia that year. It was not until winter came - so the mosquitoes disappeared - that the epidemic finally ended. By then, more than 5,000 people had passed away.

5. Flu Epidemic: 1889-1890:

     In the age of modern industries, new travel links made it easier for flu viruses to cause significant damage. Within a few months, the disease swept through the land, killing millions. It took just five weeks for the epidemic to eradicate the death toll.

The first cases were reported in Russia. The virus quickly spread throughout St. Petersburg.

6. Asian Flu: 1957-1958 :

     The Asia Flu epidemic is another global symptom of the flu. With its roots in China, the disease killed one million lives. The virus that caused the epidemic was a combination of bird flu viruses.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that the disease spread rapidly and was reported in Singapore in February 1957, in Hong Kong in April 1957, and as a result the cities along our coast in the mid-summer of 1957. The total number was 1.1 million worldwide, with 116,000 deaths occurring.

7. AIDS epidemic : 1981- Till Date :

     AIDS has claimed 35 million lives since its first diagnosis. HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, may have evolved from a virus that transmitted to humans in West Africa during the 1920's. The virus began circulating around the world, and AIDS was rampant in the late 20th century. Currently, about 64% of the estimated 40 million people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sleep in Sub-Saharan Africa. For decades, the disease has had no known cure, but drugs developed in the mid-1990's now allow people with the disease to live traditional lives with conventional therapies. Most encouragingly, two people have been treated for HIV since early 2020.

8. H1N1 Swine Flu Epidemic: 2009-2010 :

     The 2009 swine flu epidemic was caused by a modified version of the H1N1 virus that broke out in Mexico in the spring of 2009 before spreading to other parts of the world. In one year, the virus infected as many as 1.4 billion people worldwide and killed between 151,700 and 575,400 people.
The 2009 flu epidemic mainly affected children and young adults, with 80% of those dying being under the age of 65, the CDC said. That was unusual, considering that most flu viruses, including people who cause occasional colds, cause a very high percentage of deaths of people aged 65 and over. But in the case of swine flu, older people had already developed a weakened immune system H1N1 virus, so it was less susceptible to infection. The H1N1 vaccine that causes swine flu has been included within the annual flu vaccine.

9. African Ebola Epidemic: 2014-2016 :

     Ebola struck West Africa between 2014 and 2016, with 28,600 reported cases and 11,325 deaths. The first case to be reported was in Guinea in December 2013, and the disease spread rapidly in Liberia and Sierra Leone. The highest number of cases and deaths occurred in the three countries. A small number of cases came from Nigeria, Mali, Senegal, and Europe, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
There is no cure for Ebola, although efforts are being made to find a vaccine. The first known case of Ebola occurred in Sudan and therefore in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1976, which is why the virus may have originated in the wild.

10. Zika Zika Epidemic: 2015 :

The impact of the recent Zika epidemic in the United States and Central America will not be known for many years. Meanwhile, scientists are facing a race against the clock to detect the virus. Zika virus is still commonly transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, although it can not be sexually transmitted to humans.
While Zika is generally harmless to adults or children, it can infect young children in the womb and cause birth defects. Zika mosquitoes thrive in warm, humid climates, allowing South America, Central America, and parts of the southern hemisphere to grow.




My Point Of View:

      Pandemic is the country's biggest crisis.
The entire world economic system is in danger due to the epidemic.
It makes the whole world weak Not only By Physically But also Mentally, Economically, Psychologically And Emotionally Too.

Epidemic Is spread from One person to Person Very Quickly.
So far, there has been a lot of epidemic in the world Came and gone.  Right now the whole world is fighting  with this Covid-19.

        In Ancient time we don't have Much Expert Doctors And Advance Technology But at that time We Fight With All the Serious Diseases Like spanish flu, American plague, Dengue etc. Now we have All the Facilities like Expert Doctors, Advance Testing Labs, Advance Technology, and Great Scientists. So, in the same way all of us still Don't have to Lose courage.
We all have to get rid of this corona virus. We all know that The whole world is still Facing the same serious Issue, Lots of people are dying Due to this COVID-19 But All the Doctors, Experts, Scientist are Doing Their Work With Courage and they are trying their Best. 

We have to support them in this endeavour too.Most of the companies were closed due to Corona, People who used to work on per day also going through worst condition also it impacts on Education and Economical system.
We should help each other in this difficult time. If a needy family needs something, help them. If someone has a corona in your own area, then don't fight with them rather than try to understand their serious situation. too. We all Have to Fight with this Virus Not with The Patients.

 We all have to take care of ourselves By Following Tips:

1- Wash Your Hand Regularly And Properly With Hand wash Or Soap
 
2- Use Handkerchief While coughing and sneezing.

3. Avoid Shake hand.

4. Use Sanitizer when required.

5. Use face mask, face shield.

6. Always clean the Fruits and Vegetables.

7. For physical fitness and to make immunity strong we have to Eat Helthy foods.

8. Do Exercise, gym, yoga etc Everyday.





YOU HAVE LIFE, YOU HAVE WORLD.✌





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